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Unsworth, N., Fukuda, K., Awh, E., Vogel, E.K. (in press)  Working memory and fluid intelligence: Capacity, attentional control, and secondary memory retrieval. Cognitive Psychology.

Van den Berg, R., Awh, E., & Ma, W.J.(in press)  Conceptualizing and testing working memory models in a three-dimensional model space Psychological Review.

Ester, E.E., Fukuda, K., May, L.M., Vogel, E.K., & Awh, E. (in press)  Evidence for a discrete resource limit in attending multiple locations. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience.

Ester, E.E., Klee, D., & Awh, E. (in press)  Visual crowding cannot be wholly explained by pooling. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Luria, R. & Vogel, E.K. (in press)  Come together, right now: Dynamic overwriting of an object's history through common fate. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.


Drew, T., Horowitz, T.S., & Vogel, E.K. (2013).   Swapping or dropping? Electrophysiological measures of difficulty during multiple object tracking.Cognition Download PDF

Mance, I. & Vogel, E.K. (2013).   Visual working memory: A review.WIREs Cognitive Science

Spronk, M., Vogel, E.K., & Jonkman, L.M. (2013).   No behavrioal or ERP evidence for a developmental lag in visual working memory capacity or filtering in adolescents and adults with ADHD.PLOS one

Luck, S.J. & Vogel, E.K. (2013).   Visual working memory capacity: From psychophysics and neurobiology to individual differences in cognitive abilityTrends in Cognitive Sciences

Anderson, D.E.,Vogel,E.K. & Awh, E. (2013)  A neural measure of item individuation. Cognitive Electrophysiology of Attention: Signal of the Mind. Mangun, G.R. (Ed.). Elsevier Press

Postle, B.R., Awh, E., Serences, J.T., Sutterer, D.W. & D'Esposito, M.(2013)  The positional specificity effect reveals a passive trace contribution to visual short-term memory. PLOS one

Tsubomi, H., Fukuda, K., Watanabe, K., & Vogel, E. K. (2013)  Neural limits to representing objects still within view. Journal of Neuroscience

Anderson, D.E., Ester, E.E., Serences, J.T. & Awh, E. (2013)  Attending multiple items decreases the selectivity of population responses in human primary visual cortex. Journal of Neuroscience

Ester, E.E., Anderson, D.E., Serences, J.T. & Awh, E. (2013).   A neural measure of precision in visual working memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Download PDF

Anderson, D.E., Vogel, E.K. & Awh, E. (2013).   A common discrete resource for visual working memory and visual search. Psychological Science Download PDF

Van der Burg, E., Awh, E. ,& Olvers, C.N.L. (2013).   The capacity of audiovisual integration is limited to one. Psychological Science Download PDF


Mayer, J.S., Fukuda, K., Vogel, E.K., & Park, S. (2012).  Imparied contingent attentional capture predicts working memory capacity in schizophrenia.PLOS one

LeCompte, M.A., Goodyear, A.C., Demitroff, M.N., Batchelor, D., Vogel, E.K., Mooney, C., Rock, B.N. & Seidel, A.W. (in press).   An independent evaluation of conflicting microspherule results from different investigations of the younger dryas impact hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Spronk, M., Vogel, E.K., & Jonkman, L.M. (in press).  Electrophysiological evidence for immature processing capacity and filtering in visuospatial working memory in adolescents. PLOS One

Cashdollar, N.,Fukuda, K., Bocklage, A., Aurtenetxe, S., Vogel, E. K., & Gazzaley, A.(in press).  Prolonged disengagement from attentional capture in normal aging. Psychology and Aging

Anderson, D.E., Vogel, E.K. & Awh, E. (2012).   Selection and storage of perceptual groups is constrained by a discrete resource in working memory.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance Download PDF

Woodman, G.F., Vogel, E.K. & Luck, S.J. (2012).   Flexibility in visual working memory: Accurate change detection in the face of irrelevant variations in position. Visual Cognition Download PDF

Drummond,S.P., Anderson, D.A., Straus, L.D., Vogel, E.K.& Perez, V.P. (2012).  The effects of two types of sleep deprivation on visual working memory capacity and filtering efficiency. PLOS One Download PDF

Drew, T., Horowitz, T.S., Wolfe,J.M., & Vogel, E.K.(2012).  Neural measures of dynamic changes in attentive tracking load.Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Download PDF

Awh, E., Belopolsky, A.V., & Theeuwes, J. (2012).  Top-down versus bottom-up attentional control: A failed theoretical dichotomy.Trends in Cognitive Sciences Download PDF

Ester, E.E., Drew, T.W., Klee, D., Vogel, E.K. & Awh, E. (2012).  Neural measures reveal a fixed item limit in subitizing. Journal of Neuroscience Download PDF

Anderson,D.E.& Awh, E. (2012).  The plateau in mnemonic resolution across large set sizes indicsates discrete resource limits in visual working memory. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics Download PDF

Anderson,D.E., Bell, T.A.,& Awh, E. (2012).  Polymorphisms in the 5-HTTLPR gene medite sotrage capacity of visual working memory.Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Download PDF

Stevens, A.A., Maron, L., Nigg, J.T., Cheung, D., Ester, E.F., & Awh, E. (2012).  Increased sensitivity to perceptual interference in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. Download PDF

Ester, E.E., Vogel, E.K. & Awh, E. (2012).  Discrete resource limits in working memory and attention .Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention (Posner, M.I. Ed.)


Luria, T. & Vogel, E.K. (2011).  Shape-color and color-color conjunction stimuli are represented as bound objects in visual working memory.. Neuropsychologia Download PDF

Luria, T. & Vogel, E.K. (2011).  Visual search demands dictate reliance upon working memory storage. Journal of Neuroscience Download PDF

Drew, T., Horowitz, T.S., Wolfe, J.M., & Vogel, E.K. (2011).  Delineating the neural signatures of tracking spatial position and working memory during attentive tracking. Journal of Neuroscience Download PDF

Fukuda,K. & Vogel,E.K.(2011).  Individual differences in recovery time from attentional capture. Psychological Science Download PDF

Anderson,D.E., Vogel,E.K.,& Awh, E. (2011).  Precision in visual working memory reaches a plateau when individual item-limits are exceeded.Journal of Neuroscience. Download PDF

Perez,V.B. & Vogel,E.K. (2011).  What ERPs can tell us about Visual Working Memory. Oxford Handbook of Event-related Potential Components.(Luck,S.J. & Kappenman,E. Eds.) Download PDF


Umemoto, A., Scolari, M., Vogel, E.K.,& Awh, E. (2010).  Statistical learning induces discrete shifts in the allocation of working memory resources. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.Download PDF

Umemoto, A., Drew, T., Ester, E.,& Awh, E. (2010).  A bilateral advantage for storage in visual working memory. Cognition. Download PDF

Voytek,B., Davis,M., Yago, E., Barcelo, F., Vogel,E.K., & Knight,R.T. (2010).  Dynamic neuroplasticity after Human Prefrontal Cortex Damage. Neuron. Download PDF

Lee, E. Cowan, N., Vogel,E.K., Rolan, T., Valle-Inclan, F. & Hackley,S.A. (2010).  Visual Working memory defiticts in patients with Parkinson's disease are due to both reduced storage capacity and impaired ability to filter out irrelevant information. Brain. Download PDF

Jost,K., Bryck, R.L., Vogel,E.K.,& Mayr,U. (2010).  Are Old Adults Just Like Low Working Memory Young Adults? Filtering Efficiency and Age Differences in Visual Working Memory. Cerebral Cortex. Download PDF

Ikkai,A., McCoullough,A.W., & Vogel, E.K. (2010).  Contralateral Delay Activity Provides a Neural Measure of the Number of Representations in Visual Working Memory. Journal of Neurophysiology. Download PDF

Fukuda, K., Vogel, E.K., Mayr, U.,& Awh, E. (2010).  Quantity not quality: The relationship between fluid intelligence and working memory capacity. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review Download PDF

Fukuda, K., Awh, E., & Vogel, E.K. (2010).  Discrete capacity limits in visual working memory. Current Opinion in Neurobiology Download PDF


Hyun, J.,Woodman,G.F., Vogel,E.K., Hollingworth,A.& Luck,S.J. (2009).  The Comparison of Visual Working Memory Representations with Perceptual Inputs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.Download PDF

Ester, E., Serences, J.,& Awh, E. (2009).  Spatially global representations in human primary visual cortex during working memory maintenance. Journal of Neuroscience.Download PDF

Willamson, K., Scolari, M., Jeong, S., Kim, M.S., Awh, E. (2009).  Experience-dependent changes in the topography of visual crowding. Journal of Vision. Download PDF

Drew,T., Vogel, E.K.(2009). Working memory: Capacity limitations Encyclopedia of Neuroscience Download PDF

Fukuda, K. & Vogel, E.K. (2009).  Human variation in overriding attentional capture. Journal of Neuroscience. Download PDF

Drew, T., McCollough, A.W., Horowitz, T.S., Vogel, E.K. (2009).  Attentional enhancement during multiple object tracking. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. Download PDF

Barton, B., Ester, E., Awh, E. (2009).  Discrete Resource Allocation in Visual Working Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. Download PDF

Serences,J., Ester, E., Vogel, E.K., & Awh, E. (2009). Stimulus-specific delay activity in human primary visual cortex. Psychological Science. Download PDF


Drew,T., Vogel, E.K.(2008). Recently attended masks are less effective. Perception and Psychophysics. Download PDF

Drew,T., Vogel, E.K.(2008). Neural measures of individual differences in selecting and tracking multiple moving objects. Journal of Neuroscience. Download PDF

Serences,J., Scolari, M., & Awh, E. (2008). On-line response-selection and the attentional blink: multiple-processing channels. Visual Cognition Download PDF

Vogel, E.& Awh, E. (2008). How to exploit diversity for scientific gain: Using individual differences to constrain cognitive theory. Current Directions in Psychological Science Download PDF

Mednick, S.C., Drummond, S.P., Boynton, G.M., Awh, E., Serences, J. (2008).Sleep-dependent learning and practice-dependent deterioration in an orientation discrimination task. Behavioral Neuroscience, 122(2), 267-72. Download PDF

Scolari, M., Vogel, E., Awh, E. (2008). Perceptual expertise enhances the resolution but not the number of representations in working memory. Psychological Bulletin and Review, 15(1), 215-222. Download PDF

Awh, E.& Vogel, E.K. (2008). The bouncer in the brain. Nature Neuroscience 11(1), 5-6 Download PDF

Ester, E.& Awh, E. (2008). The locus of interference from salient singleton distractors. Visual Cognition, 16 (2/3) Download PDF


McCollough, A. W., Machizawa, M. G., & Vogel, E. K. (in press). Electrophysiological measures of maintaining representations in visual working memory. Cortex.

Vogel, E. K., Woodman, G. F., & Luck, S. J. (in press). The time course of consolidation in visual working memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

Scolari, M., Kohnen, A. Barton, B., & Awh, E. (2007). Spatial attention, preview, and popout: Which factors influence critical spacing in crowded displays? Journal of Vision, 7(2):7, 1-23. Download PDF

Awh, E., Barton, B., Vogel, E.K. (2007).  Visual working memory represents a fixed number of items, regardless of complexity. Psychological Science, 18(7), 622-628. Download PDF

Stevens, C., & Awh, E. (2007). Commentary: Specificity, mechanisms, and timing in the study of spatial cognition. The Emerging Spatial Mind. J. Plumert & J.P. Spencer (Eds). Oxford University Press.



Awh, E., Armstrong, K.M. & Moore, T. (2006). Visual and oculomotor selection: links, causes and implications for spatial attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10(3), 124-130. Download PDF

Awh, E., Vogel, E., & Oh, S.-H. (2006). Interactions between attention and working memory. Neuroscience, 139, 201-208. Download PDF

Drew, T., McCollough, A. W. & Vogel, E. K. (2006). Event-related potential measures of working memory. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience. 37(4), 286-291.


Awh, E., Sgarlata, A.M., Kliestik, J. (2005). Resolving visual interference during covert spatial orienting: Online Attentional Control Through Static Records of Prior Visual Experience. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 134(2), 192-206. Download PDF

Vogel, E. K., McCollough, A. W., & Machizawa, M. G. (2005). Neural measures reveal individual differences in controlling access to visual working memory. Nature, 438, 500-503. Download PDF

Vogel, E. K., Woodman, G. F., & Luck, S. J. (2005). Pushing around the locus of selection: Evidence for the flexible selection hypothesis. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 1907-1922. Download PDF

Woodman, G. F. & Vogel, E. K. (2005). Fractionating working memory: Memory encoding and maintenance are independent processes. Psychological Science, 16, 106-113.
Download PDF


Awh E., Serences, J., Laurey, P., Dhaliwal, H., van der Jagt, T., & Dassonville, P. (2004). Unimpaired Face Discrimination During the Attentional Blink: Evidence for Multiple Processing Channels. Cognitive Psychology, 48, 95-126. Download PDF

Postle, B.R., Awh, E., Jonides, J., Smith, E.E., D’Esposito, M. (2004). The where and how of attention- based rehearsal in spatial working memory. Cognitive Brain Research, 20, 194-205. Download PDF

Serences, J., Yantis, S., Culberson, A. & Awh, E. (2004). Preparatory activity in visual cortex indexes distractor suppression during covert spatial orienting. Journal of Neurophysiology, 92, 3538- 3545. Download PDF

Vogel, E. K. & Machizawa, M. G. (2004). Neural activity predicts individual differences in visual working memory capacity. Nature, 428, 784-751. Download PDF


Awh, E., Matsukura, M., Serences, J. (2003). Top-down control over biased competition during covert orienting. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 29(1), 52- 63. Download PDF

Jonides, J. & Awh, E. (2003). What Is The Source Of Activation For Working Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 26 (6), 741 – 742.

Mayr, U., Awh, E., & Laurey, P. (2003). Conflict adaptation effects do not require executive control. Nature Neuroscience, 6(5), 450-452. Download PDF


Hopf, J. M., Vogel, E. K., Woodman, G. F., Hagner, T., Heinze, H. J., & Luck, S. J. (2002). Localizing visual discrimination processes in time and space. Journal of Neurophysiology, 88, 2088-2095. Download PDF

Jonides, J., Sylvester, C-Y.C., Lacey, S.C., Wager, T.D., Nichols, T.E., and Awh E. (2002). Modules of working memory. In R.H. Kluwe, G. Luer, and F. Rosler (Eds.). Principles of Working Memory. Boston: Birkhaeuser Publishing Ltd.

Schmidt, B. K., Vogel, E. K., Woodman, G. F., & Luck, S. J. (2002). Voluntary and involuntary control of visual working memory. Perception & Psychophysics, 64, 754-763. Download PDF

Vecera, S. P., Vogel, E. K., & Woodman, G. F. (2002). Lower region: A new cue to figure-ground segregation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 131 (2), 194-205. Download PDF

Vogel, E. K., & Luck, S. J. (2002). Delayed working memory consolidation during the attentional blink. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 739-743. Download PDF


Awh, E., & Jonides, J. (2001). Overlapping mechanisms of attention and working memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences,5(3), 119-126. Download PDF

Awh, E., Dhaliwal, H., Christensen, S., Matsukura, M. (2001). Evidence for two components of object-based selection. Psychological Science, 12(4), 329-334. Download PDF

Vogel, E. K., Woodman, G. F., & Luck, S. J. (2001). Storage of features, conjunctions, and objects in visual working memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27 (1), 92-114. Download PDF

Woodman, G. F., Vogel, E. K., & Luck, S. J. (2001). Visual search remains efficient when visual working memory is full. Psychological Science 12, 219-224. Download PDF


Awh, E., Anllo-Vento, & Hillyard, S.A. (2000). The role of spatial selective attention in working memory for locations: evidence from event-related potentials. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(5), 840-847. Download PDF

Awh, E. & Pashler, H. (2000). Evidence for split attentional foci. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26(2), 834-846. Download PDF

Luck, S. J., Woodman, G. F., & Vogel, E. K. (2000). Event-related potential studies of attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 432-440. Download PDF

Vogel, E. K. & Luck, S. J. (2000). The visual N1 component as an index of a discrimination process. Psychophysiology, 37, 190-203. Download PDF


Awh, E., Jonides, J., Smith, E.E., Buxton, R.B., Frank, L.R., Love, T., Wong, E.C., & Gmeindl, L. (1999). Rehearsal in spatial working memory: Evidence from neuroimaging. Psychological
Science, 10(5)
, 443-437. Download PDF

Awh, E. & Gehring, W.J. (1999). The anterior cingulate lends a hand in response selection. Nature Neuroscience, 2(10), 853-854.


Awh, E., & Jonides, J. (1998) Spatial Selective Attention and Spatial Working Memory. The Attentive Brain. Parasuraman, R. (Ed.), pp. 353-380, Cambridge, Mass: M.I.T. Press.

Awh, E., Jonides, J., & Reuter-Lorenz, P.A. (1998). Rehearsal in Spatial Working Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 24(3), 780-790. Download PDF

Hillyard, S. A., Vogel, E. K., & Luck, S. J. (1998). Sensory gain control (amplification) as a mechanism of selective attention: Electrophysiological and neuroimaging evidence. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences, 353, 1257-1270. Download PDF

Jonides, J., Schumacher, E.H., Smith, E.E., Koeppe, R.A., Awh, E., Reuter-Lorenz, P.A., Marshuetz, C., & Willis, C.R. (1998). The role of parietal cortex in verbal working memory. The Journal of Neuroscience, 18 (13):5026-5034.

Luck, S. J. & Vogel, E. K. (1998). Visual and auditory working memory capacity: Response from Luck and Vogel. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2, 78-80. Downlad PDF

Vogel, E. K., Luck, S. J., & Shapiro, K. L. (1998). Electrophysiological evidence for a post-perceptual locus of suppression during the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 24 (6), 1656-1674. Download PDF


Jonides, J., Schumacher, E. H., Smith, E. E., Lauber, E., Awh, E., Minoshima, S., & Koeppe, R. A. (1997). The task-load of verbal working memory affects regional brain activation as measured by PET. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 9(4), 462-475.

Luck, S. J. & Vogel, E. K. (1997). The capacity of visual working memory for features and conjunctions. Nature, 390, 279-281. Download PDF


Awh, E., Jonides, J., Smith, E.E., Schumacher, E.H., Koeppe, R.A., Katz, S. (1996). Dissociation of storage and rehearsal in verbal working memory: evidence from PET. Psychological Science,
, 25-31. Download PDF

Jonides, J., Reuter-Lorenz, P.A., Smith, E.E., Awh, E., Barnes, L.L., Drain, M., Glass, J., Lauber, E., Patalano, A., Schumacher,E.H. (1996). Verbal and Spatial Working Memory in Humans. The
Psychology of Learning and Motivation.,4
, Medin, D. (ed.). Academic Press.

Luck, S. J., Vogel, E. K., & Shapiro, K. L. (1996). Word meanings can be accessed but not reported during the attentional blink. Nature, 383, 616-618. Download PDF

Schumacher, E.H., Lauber, E.J., Awh, E., Jonides, J., Smith, E.E., Koeppe, R.A. (1996). PET evidence for an amodal verbal working memory system. Neuroimage, 3(2), 79-88.


Smith, E.E., Jonides, J., Koeppe, R.A., Awh, E., Schumacher, E.H. and Minoshima, S. (1995). Spatial vs. Object working memory: PET investigations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience., 7, 337-356.

Awh, E., Smith, E.E., Jonides, J. (1995). Human rehearsal processes and the frontal lobes: PET evidence. In J. Grafman, K. Holyoak, & F. Boller (Eds.) Structure and functions of the human prefrontal cortex Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences., vol. 769, 97-119 New York, NY:, New York Academy of Sciences.

1994 - 1993

Minoshima, S., Koeppe, R.A., Smith, E.E., Awh, E., & Jonides, J. (1994). PET investigations of working memory. Experimental Medicine, 12, 70-72.

Jonides, J., Smith, E. E., Koeppe R.A., Awh, E. S., Minoshima, S., and Mintun, M.A. (1993). Spatial working memory in humans as revealed by PET. Nature, 363, 623-625.